THE SPATIALITY OF SEGREGATION: NARRATIVES FROM THE EVERYDAY URBAN ENVIRONMENT OF GOTHENBURG AND GLASGOW

Nada Shehab, Ashraf M. Salama

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v12i1.1502

Abstract

Recent figures of displaced people in the world have reached more than 60 Million suggesting that there has been an exponential increase in the rate of forced and voluntary mobility between cities. This has inevitably caused socially and politically constructed ‘borders’ to change. This paper examines the different levels of manifestation of migration using two case studies from: Scotland and Sweden to demonstrate different mobility patterns serving to provide a wider comparison of urban responses to the different magnitudes of influx of migrants and their highly diverse distributions. Within the context of the two cases the paper examines socio-spatial practices of migrant communities and assesses the impact of displaced populations on the urban areas they occupy and vice versa. It also highlights the role of urban practitioners in questioning durable solutions that address the challenges introduced by spatial segregation on infrastructure and local communities. Key contribution of this study aims to shift stereotypical architectural conception towards more resolved contextual solutions that address current socio-cultural needs in urban areas that host displaced communities. This is coupled with a greater understanding of the historical trends and future challenges of mass migration, which could be developed into a methodology for further research into proposing socially sustainable solutions that deal with the complex nature of displacement and its socio-spatial impact on urban environments.


Keywords

displacement; mobility; social dysfunction; urban response; migration; spatial segregation; inclusion; urban environments

Full Text:

PDF

References

Al-Maimani, A., Salama, A. M., and Fadli, F. (2014). Exploring socio-spatial aspects of traditional souqs: The case of Souq Mutrah, Oman. Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, 8(1), 50-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v8i1.356

Andersson R., Turner L., Holmqvist E. (2010) Contextualising ethnic residential segregation in Sweden: welfare, housing and migration related policies. Institute for housing and urban research. Uppsala University.

Chen, Y., Liu, T., Xie, X., & Marušić, B. G. (2016). What Attracts People to Visit Community Open Spaces? A Case Study of the Overseas Chinese Town Community in Shenzhen, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(7), 644.

Dustmann, C. and Frattini, T. (2012). Immigration: The European Experience. SSRN Electronic Journal.

Edward, M. (1993). Who belongs to Glasgow? 1st ed. Glasgow: Glasgow City Libraries.

EUGUGLE (2013) Towards a sustainable Hammarkullen. Goteborgs Stad. Available at: http://eu-gugle.eu/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/towards-a-sustainable-hammarkullen.pdf

French, K. (2008). Patterns and Consequences of Segregation: An Analysis of Ethnic Residential Patterns at Two Geographic Scales. The University of Nebraska.

Hall, T. and Viden, S. (2006). The Million Homes Programme: a review of the great Swedish planning project. Planning Perspectives, 20(3), pp.301-328.

Hopkins, P. (2002). Everyday Racism in Scotland: A Case Study of East Pollokshields. Scottish Affairs.

Iceland, J. (2014). Residential Segregation. A Transatlantic Analysis. Migration Policy Institute.

Igerud, M. (2011). Ethnic congregation as a segregation factor in Göteborg, Sweden. Göteborg University.

Irene M., Andersson R. (2003) Racialization and Migration in Urban Segregation Processes. Farnham: Ashgate.

Johnston, R, J., Gregory, D. and Smith, D. (1981) The Dictionary of Human Geography. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Kain, J. (1968). Housing Segregation, Negro Employment, and Metropolitan Decentralization. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 82(2), 175.

Kearsley, G. and Srivastava, S. (1974). The spatial evolution of Glasgow’s Asian community. Scottish

Geographical Magazine, 90(2), 110-124.

Lauener P. (2015) Sweden ‘integration problems’ expected to fuel segregation expansion. RT. Available at https://www.rt.com/news/239257-segregation-growing-sweden-integration/

Legeby, A. (2010). Urban Segregation and Urban Form. From residential segregation to segregation in public space. KTH University.

Lefebvre, H. (1991). The Production of Space. (Translated by D. Nicholson-Smith). Wiley-Blackwell.

Lloyd, C., Shuttleworth, I. and Wong, D. (2015). Social-spatial segregation. 1st ed. Bristol: Policy Press.

McGarrigle, J. (2010). Understanding processes of ethnic concentration and dispersal. South Asian Residential Preferences in Glasgow. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Menezes, M., Allen, J. and Vasconcelos, L. (2009). Immigrants in the public space: Understanding urban cultural landscapes.

Pacione, M. (2005). Residential differentiation in nineteenth-century Glasgow: A morphogenetic study of Pollokshields.

Peach, C. (1996). Good segregation, bad segregation. Planning Perspectives 11, 379–398.

Penninx, R., Spencer, D. and Van Hear, N. (2008). Migration and Integration in Europe: The State of Research. ESRC Centre on Migration, Policy, and Society (COMPAS) University of Oxford.

Putri, A. (2012). Emerging Hammarkullen: Strategy for livelier million program neighborhood.

Ramaswamy, C. (2013). Scotland’s most ethnically diverse street. The Scotsman. [online] Available at:

http://www.scotsman.com/news/scotland-s-most-ethnically-diverse-street-1-2991437

Salama, A. M. and Wiedmann, F. (2013). The Production of Urban Qualities in the Emerging City of Doha: Urban Space Diversity as a Case for Investigating the ‘Lived Space.’ Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, 7(2),160-172.

Salama, A. M. and Azzali, S. (2015). Examining attributes of urban open spaces in Doha. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Urban Design and Planning, 168(2), 75-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/udap.14.00011

Salama, A. M., Khalfani, F. and Al-Maimani, A. (2013). Experiential assessment of urban open spaces in Doha. Open House International, 38(4), 47-57.

Salama, A. M., Azzali, S. and Wiedmann, F. (2017). The everyday urban environment of migrant labourers in Gulf cities: The case of the old centre of Doha, Qatar. City, Territory and Architecture, 4(article 5) 1-15. DOI: 10.1186/s40410-017-0061-5

UK Census (2011). Immigration Patterns of Non-UK Born Populations in the UK. Office for National Statistics.

Vargas-Silva, C. (2013). Migrants in Scotland: An Overview. Migration Observatory briefing, COMPAS, University of Oxford, UK.

World Statistics Pocketbook (2016). New York: United Nations.

Youssef, W. (2013). Lost / Displaced Architecture. [online] Available at: https://archive.org/details/DisplacedArchitecture


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Nada Shehab, Ashraf M. Salama

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

ABOUT US


- ISSN (Online) #1938 7806 - ArchNet-IJAR is covered by ArchNet@ MIT Libraries, Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals, EBSCO, CNKI, Pro-Quest, Scopus-Elsevier, Web of Science.

- Published work in ArchNet-IJAR is licensed under Creative Commons: CC-BY--NC-ND license, see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

Copyrights © Archnet-IJAR 2007-2018

 
 

Hit Counter
Visitor Hits Since 15 Jan 2014